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Heart-Glossary

Atrium: The top chamber of the heart. There are two atria — the left and the right, divided by a muscular wall, called the septum. The atrium contracts before the ventricle to allow optimal filling of the ventricle.

Ascending aortic aneurysm: It is an enlargement (in width and/or in length) of a weakened area in the ascending aorta.

Ascending aorta: The largest artery that emerges from the heart and distributes blood to the body

Aortic insufficiency (Aortic valve insufficiency): Aortic insufficiency is a heart valve disease in which the aortic valve does not close tightly. This allows blood to flow from the aorta (the largest blood vessel) into the left ventricle (a chamber of the heart).

Aortic Stenosis: It is a narrowing of the aortic valve opening.

Aorta: It is the largest artery in the body.

Angiogram: It is an X-ray image of blood vessels after they are filled with a contrast material.

Acute myocardial infarction: Coronary artery occlusion within the first 4 hours.

Abdominal aorta: It is the largest artery in the abdominal cavity.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: It is enlargement of the aorta vein in the abdomen.

Balloon: 1 – 5 mm balloon used to open the stenosis of the heart vein.

CX artery: Coronary artery supplying blood to the lower and the rear of the heart.

Chronic myocardial infarction: Previous coronary artery occlusion.

Coronary artery: Heart-feeding veins that carry blood to the heart muscle by leaving the aorta.

Coronary Balloon: 1 – 5 mm balloon used to open the stenosis of the heart vein.

Coronary angiography: Imaging of heart vessels with help of a medication.

Contrast substance: Drug used to visualize blood vessels during angiography

Catheter laboratory: Place where angiogram is performed.

Catheter: Plastic tube used to reach vessels during angiogram.

Cardiogenic shock: It  is a medical emergency resulting from inadequate blood flow due to the dysfunction of the ventricles of the heart.

Cardiac veins: Heart-feeding veins that carry blood to the heart muscle by leaving the aorta

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Electrocardiogram: Test showing the electrical activity of the heart.

Echocardiography: Test showing the anatomy of the heart.

ECG: Test showing the anatomy of the heart.

Effort test: Test showing cardiovascular structure.

Hypertriglyceridaemia: Triglyceride level is more than 150 g/dl

High blood pressure: Blood pressure is higher than140/90 mmHg

Hypercholesterolemia: Total cholesterol greater than 190mg / dl

Intra aortic balloon: Balloon placed in the aorta in case of shock and feeding the heart.

Infarction: Congestion of heart-feeding coronary vessels, resulting in damage to the heart muscle

Left anterior descending artery: Coronary vein feeding large part of the heart and its anterior face

LAD artery:  Coronary vein feeding large part of the heart and its anterior face

Myocard infarctus – Heart Attack: Damage of coronary arteries that feed the heart of the heart muscle.

Mitral insufficiency: Because of mitral valve can not be closed completely, the escape of blood from the atria to the ventricles happens.

Mitral valve prolapse: It is a condition in which the two valve flaps of the mitral valve do not close evenly.

Mitral stenosis: The end result of not being able to opening of the mitral valves completely, the inability of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle.

Mitral valve stenosis: The end result of not being able to opening of the mitral valves completely, the inability of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle.

Pulmonary hypertension: High blood pressure in the veins carrying blood to the lung.

Pulmonary artery: The vein that delivers oxygen-free blood from the right ventricle to the lung.

Peripheric Angiogram: Imaging of arm and leg veins with a medication

Renal Angiogram:  Screening of renal vessels with a medication.

Right Coronary artery (RCA): Coronary vein feeding the right, lower and back parts of the heart.

Stent: A small tube, inserted after angioplasty, that acts as a scaffold to provide support inside the coronary artery. The goal is to keep the artery open. Usually made of stainless steel mesh, they can also be made of a dissolvable material for those who don’t need a permanent stent.

Stenosis: Contraction in the coronary or other vessel with the cause of cholesterol deposition.

Sheath: A short, thin plastic tube used to enter the arteries during angiography.

Treadmill test: Test showing cardiovascular structure.

Total occlusion: (CTO) It is defined as the complete obstruction of a coronary artery.

Thoracal aortic aneurysm: Expansion of the aortic vessel in the chest region.

Thoracal aorta: Name given to the chest section of the aorta vein.

Ventricle: It is one of two large chambers in the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs.