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“Silent killer” hits organs

High blood pressure, which strikes most of the heart, kidney and brain, progresses without any symptoms. Therefore, it is defined as “silent killer”. Wandering silent killer also harms other organs of the body. 

What is the indication of hypertension?

Hypertension is the result when pressure inside the vein is high. Contrary to what you might think, it is a sickly disease going worse without any symptoms. So it can be described as a silent killer. If the patient has high blood pressure for years, this can not be realized. The values are high during a random blood pressure measurement, and subsequent studies will identify the eventual hypertension. The most common finding of hypertension among the public is known as headache. In fact, high blood pressure does not cause any symptoms and sometimes causes complaints such as dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, palpitation, nose bleeding.

What problems are resultedn from high blood pressure, which is transported to the body through the veins?

High blood pressure is a chronic disease in our country, which most often lead to death. When diagnosed it may be too late. The organs such as eyes, brain, kidney, neck vein, heart vein, kidney vein and leg vein begin to be damaged over time due to high pressure. Over time, the heart begins to grow and congestive heart failure occurs. It can trigger a heart attack by causing stenosis in the heart vessels. Damage to the brain vessels causes cerebral bleeding and paralysis. One of the most important causes of early dementia in our episode is uncontrolled hypertension. Damage to the kidney vessels and damage to the eye vessels leads to the need for chronic kidney failure and dialysis. One of the most important causes of occlusionin the leg veins is the new high tension.


How does this disease disrupt the functions of our organs?

If hypertension is not taken under control, the vessels are delivered to all high-pressure organs. Diseases are caused by damage to the arteries and organs of uncontrolled high pressures. Organs accustomed to working under normal pressure can not protect themselves from high pressure and lose their function..

Which diseases cause high blood pressure?

Half of congestive heart failure, one third of heart attacks, one third of paralysis, and one in ten of kidney failures are due to hypertension. This disease affects both women and men alike.


What is the first organ affected by hypertension?

It’s the vessel wall. Our endothelium causes damage to the vein wall layer and destroys the loosening of the vessel. This disorder also makes it difficult to control blood pressure.

How are diseases  progressing that it leads to?

In the first stages of the disease, the damage to the organs is low. However, if the blood pressure is controlled, the damage level can be limited. If net checked, it increases gradually and leads to organ loss. The eye is damaged in 4 stages. Damage to the kidney, brain, and vascular wall is initially low but increases gradually. Thickening of the heart can also be controlled if it is detected at an early stage. In the last phase, blindness, kidney failure, paralysis and heart attack occur, leading to lethal consequences.

Are diseases related to age and gender?

The damage caused by hypertension is not dependent on age and gender. One exception is hypertension during pregnancy. Besides, the damage of hypertension depends mainly on the value of blood pressure, the number of years and the effective treatment of hypertension.


What are the most important symptoms in hypertension-induced diseases?

Symptoms such as dizziness in the morning, dementia in early ages, shortness of breath during walking, pain in the chest and stools, waking with shortness of breath while sleeping at night, nosebleeds, decreased visual acuity and loss of strenght in hands and legs. These findings may also be confused with other symptoms of the disease. After a thorough examination and examination, diagnosis is easy..

How do you understand that diseases are caused by hypertension?

Damage to organs of hypertension is very specific and typical. It can be easily distinguished by thickening in the heart and heart, inadequate blood circulation in the brain, loss of function in the kidney and marked changes in the eyes due to hypertension. Echocardiography determines the thickening and growth of the heart. Examination of the eye reveals damage to the eye. Damage to the kidney can be observed with a 24-hour urine test and kidney ultrasound.


What are the precautions to be taken in order to protect damage to the organs?

There is only one measure. It is also an effective treatment and regular follow-up to keep blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg. It is possible to adopt medicines and healthy lifestyles. The good side of hypertension is that it can be effectively controlled. As long as you are consciously aware of the importance of this illness.

What are the most important misbehaviors of patients with hypertension during the treatment process?

The most important mistakes that make medication difficult to treat, to think that they are more harmful than hypertension, to cut doses and stop their medication on their own, not to reduce salt and alcohol use, taking excessive amounts of painkillers, to avoid regular doctor visits saying ‘I feel good’ and to put on weight.


How to fight high blood pressure in the next 10 years?

This should be considered as a community health project. Because almost half of the population is hypertensive after 50 years of age. If you are reducing your intake of salt and alcohol from youth ages, weight control, healthy eating and exercise become part of your life, then there may be serious reductions in the number of hypertensive patients. To raise public awareness, public spots, associations’ work integrating with the public and media support are necessary.


How should the patient and physician cooperate in taking high blood pressure under control?

You should keep that in mind. It is not fate to die from the heart diseases. he conscious individual does not die from the heart disease. One of the most important causes of heart disease is hypertension. Hypertension is a disease that can be controlled. But it’s not enough to control blood pressure. It is necessary to check all risk factors. Hypertension patients are not only patients with high blood pressure, but these patients are accompanied by a high level of cholesterol and sugar (insulin resistance). Most people smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol and do not exercise. If we are dreaming of a healthy and long life, it will not be possible to achieve this by simply lowering blood pressure. It is necessary to check all the risks listed above. It is possible to do this. This is a team game. The doctor can not do this alone. The doctor and the patient must work as a team and must follow path to target. The patient should believe in the doctor and be convinced. Otherwise the doctor does not prescribe and treat patient. Patient -physician cooperation based on trust, not prescriptions, treat the disease.