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Fatal high blood pressure type: Malignant hypertension

Malignant high blood pressure, a rare but lethal type of hypertension, results in 99 percent death in 5 years if not treated. This type of blood pressure that can not be prevented can be controlled.. 

Are there different types of hypertension?

We can divide the hypertension in 6 groups. If presence of blood pressure is in the range of 120-139 / 80-89mmHg. If this type of hypertension is 160/100 mmHg, then the second stage is entered. Malignant hypertension results in bleeding and edema in the eye with high blood pressure. Emergency hypertension is a new type of heart failure, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, and aortic vessel rupture associated with high blood pressure. If your blood pressure rises to 220/120 mmHg without an emergency event, we call it urgent hypertension. The type seen during and after pregnancy is gestational hypertension. Hypertensive encephalopathy occurs when brain injury and paralysis occur with high blood pressure.

What are the most risky types of hypertension?

Immediate high blood pressure and malignant (fatal) hypertension are the reasons for the above reasons and the risk is very high. You should be hospitalized immediately in the hospital. It must not be neglected and must be taken seriously. If it is not treated timely and effectively, it can result in death.


Are high blood pressure types that are difficult to control seen at the same rate in men and women?

Blood pressure that are too high and difficult to control are usually types that are connected to an underlying cause. After the necessary examinations and evaluations, they are taken out for treatment. High blood pressure can be seen in all ages and in all genders. Unlike males, gestational hypertension that occurs during and after pregnancy in women is the disease.

How long does a patient with malignant hypertension live without treatment?

Malignant hypertension is one of the most dangerous of these hypertension groups. It progresses very fast. In untreated cases, 99 percent of patients die within 5 years. In the treated group, 80 percent of the patients are still alive after 5 years. The difference from other high blood pressure types is bleeding and swelling of the eye under the eyes, eventually leading to loss of vision.


Is malignant high blood pressure a preventable disease?

The exact cause of malignant hypertension is unknown. For this reason, formation can not be prevented. However, it can be controlled by treatment. In general, the underlying problem must be removed. If the focus is on the thyroid (both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are examined), appropriate treatment is given; the tumor over the kidney or pituitary gland needs to be surgically removed. Cocaine, excessive alcohol, pregnancy can lead to malignant hypertension.

What percentage of hypertensive patients have malignant hypertension?

Malignant hypertension is seen in 1 percent of hypertensive patients. Often there is an underlying secondary cause.

Are patients aware of this type of blood pressure and are they conscious of being treated?

Unfortunately, our patients do not care about blood pressure as much as necessary and do not regularly follow medication. Very few of the patients who are diagnosed with hypertension are under control..


What should be done about nutrition, sports and other activities of daily life?

Nutrition and exercise are the most important elements of blood pressure treatment. Salt should be removed from table, foods should be cooked with little salt, delicatessen products and prepared foods should be avoided. Low-salt Mediterranean cuisine and pot dish are a convenient way of eating. Besides, you should avoid excessive alcohol. At least four days a week, 30 minutes of sporting activities such as walking, swimming should become an integral part of everyday life. Excess weight should be lost and the ideal weight must be maintained afterwards.

What diseases do accompany hypertension?

Possible causes include tumors of the hormone-secreting organs, kidney diseases arising from self or stenosis in the vessel accompany malignant hypertension.


What is the minimum age limit for early diognasis?

The first check must be made at the age of 18. Early diagnosis is life and organ saving. Diagnosing is very simple. Early diagnosis is made by passing through regular checks and possible risks are minimized.

How is this disease taken under control?

In order to control malignant hypertension, the underlying causes are identified and treatment approaches directed to these factors are applied. If the tumor is found, it is removed surgically.